enough toxic herbicide sprayed
to blanket one-fourth of the country.
The chemical was Agent Orange, the occasion was the U.S. war in Vietnam.
Between 1961 and 1971, the U.S. sprayed 12 million gallons of this Dioxin-contaminated week killer, known as Agent Orange, in addition to 8 million gallons of other herbicides, on Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia—an average of 5,200 gallons a day for 3,735 days. Nearly 66,000 square miles of South Vietnam, along with large areas of Laos and parts of Cambodia, were impacted.
In the U.S. effort to fight an invisible enemy who hid in the jungles while living off the land, C-123 aircraft and helicopters sprayed a total of 20 million gallons to defoliate forests and destroy cropland. Much of this destruction to an area roughly the size of New Hampshire, caused by herbicides that were up to 50 times the concentration recommended for killing plants, will not be rectified for decades to come.
However, two-thirds of these herbicides were contaminated with TCDD, a form of Dioxin—a highly toxic substance linked to at least 19 classes of cancer and other medical conditions, as well as several birth defects.
So, ever since the spraying, the people of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia have been saddled with an invisible enemy of their own. As have those who served in Vietnam during the war, their families, and many others who were exposed to the toxic herbicides where they were manufactured, used or stored.
The Agent Orange Record tries to show, objectively, a more comprehensive examination of the most devastating defoliant used in the U.S. war in Vietnam: its history; its impact, intended and otherwise, on Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia; and its completely unintended impact on the United States. The Record also describes the efforts to repair the damage from the toxic herbicides to land and people.
Agent Orange Record, in order to promote greater understanding, includes a repository of the most critical resources on Agent Orange in English and Vietnamese.
Agent Orange. A humanitarian cause we can do something about. We can make Agent Orange history.